Jiu-jitsu match elevates myocardial work and causes post-exercise hypotension in master category athletes

Tharciano Luiz Teixeira Braga da Silva, André Luiz Silva Santos, Thincia Luandes Mota Barreto, Fabricio Nunes Macedo, Vitor Ulisses de Melo, Michael Nadson Santos Santana, Roger de Moraes, Marcelo Mendonça Mota

Resumo


Jiu-jitsu is a sport that involves different techniques to lead the opponent to submission, combats are characterized by intermittent efforts with changes in important cardiovascular variables. Thus, the aim was to evaluate the acute effects of a simulated jiu-jitsu match on blood pressure (BP) and the double product (DP) of fighters in the master category. The heart rate (HR), BP, and DP of six experienced fighters were measured, before and after the protocol. The combat consisted of four six-minute sessions with intervals of three minutes for recovery and measurement of the variables. Measurements were taken every 15 minutes, after the end of the fight. An increase in systolic (SBP) and mean BP (MAP) was observed after the last session. After 30 minutes, there was a decrease in MAP and SBP, until the end of the protocol. Diastolic BP (DBP) decreased after 30 minutes, returning to baseline after 45 minutes post-combat. HR remained high until 30 minutes of recovery. Despite the increase greater than 280% of the DP, verified immediately after the fight, 15 minutes of recovery was sufficient for this index to return to baseline values. The study shows that a jiu-jitsu match causes a significant increase in SBP and MAP, HR and PD with subsequent arterial hypotension.

Keywords: cardiovascular physiological phenomena, blood pressure, martial arts.


Texto completo:

HTML PDF ENGLISH PDF PORTUGUÊS

Referências


Andreato LV, Julio UF, Panissa VLG, Esteves JVDC, Hardt SF. Brazilian jiu-jitsu simulated competition part I: metabolic, hormonal, cellular damage, and heart rate responses. J Strength Cond Res 2015;29(9):2538-49. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000918

Silva BVC, Ide BN, Moura Simim MA, Marocolo M, Mota GR. Neuromuscular responses to simulated Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Fights. J Hum Kinet 2014;44:249-57. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0130

Andreato LV, Franchini E, Moraes SMF, Pastório JJ, Silva DF et al. Physiological and Technical-tactical Analysis in Brazilian Jiu-jitsu Competition. Asian J Sports Med 2013;4(2):137-143. https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.34496

Moreira A, Franchini E, de Freitas CG, Arruda AFS, Moura NR et al. Salivary cortisol and immunoglobulin A responses to simulated and official Jiu-Jitsu matches. J Strength Cond Res 2012;26(8):2185-91. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31823b8702

Andreato LV, Moraes SMF, Del Conti Esteves JV. Psychological, physiological, performance and perceptive responses to Brazilian jiu-jitsu combats. Kinesiology 2014;46(1):44-52. https://hrcak.srce.hr/123721

Mazzoccante RP, Sousa IRC, Moreira SR, Prestes J, Simões HG et al. The period of the day affects the twenty-four hour blood pressure response to an acute combined exercise session in Brazilian jiu jitsu athletes. Mot Rev Educ Física 2015;21(3):281-9. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-65742015000300009

Prado ÉJ, Lopes MCA. Resposta aguda da frequência cardíaca e da pressão arterial em esportes de luta (jiu-jitsu) acute heart rate and blood pressure response in fight sports (jiu jitsu). Rev Atenção à Saúde 2010;7(22):63-7. https://doi.org/10.13037/rbcs.vol7n22.523

Borges CC, Oliveira RAD, Oliveira RA, Silva RFS, Perfeito PJC. Respostas fisiológicas agudas na prática do jiu-jitsu e correlação com a capacidade aeróbia. FIEP Bulletin 2012;82(2). http://www.fiepbulletin.net/index.php/fiepbulletin/article/view/2522/4631

Santos Junior J, Martins CML, Montenegro V, Lima LEM, Carvalho Júnior AL, Oliveira FBS, Lemos LFGBP. Efeito do treinamento isométrico específico de pegada em atletas de jiu-jitsu. Rev Bras Fisiol Exerc 2018;17(1);19-26. https://doi.org/10.33233/rbfe.v17i1.2366

Coswig VS, Neves AHS, Del Vecchio FB. Efeitos do tempo de prática nos parâmetros bioquímicos, hormonais e hematológicos de praticantes de jiu-jitsu brasileiro. Rev Andal Med Deporte 2013;6(1):17-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1888-7546(13)70030-3

Pinho Júnior EA, Brito CJ, Santos WOC, Valido CN, Mendes EL, Franchini E. Influence of cryotherapy on muscle damage markers in jiu-jitsu fighters after competition: a cross-over study. Rev Andal Med Deporte 2014;7(1):7-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1888-7546(14)70054-1

Dawber TR, Kannel WB, Lyell LP. An approach to longitudinal studies in a community: the Framingham Study. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1963;107:539-56. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1963.tb13299.x

Obrist PA. The cardiovascular-behavioral interaction - as it appears today. Psychophysiology 1976;13(2):95-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1963.tb13299.x

Mahmood SS, Levy D, Vasan RS, Wang TJ. The Framingham Heart Study and the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease: a historical perspective. Lancet Lond Engl 2014;383(9921):999-1008. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61752-3

Jackson AS, Pollock ML. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. Br J Nutr 1978;40(3):497-504. https://doi.org/10.1079/bjn19780152

Topouchian JA, El Assaad MA, Orobinskaia LV, El Feghali RN, Asmar RG. Validation of two devices for self-measurement of brachial blood pressure according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension: the SEINEX SE-9400 and the Microlife BP 3AC1-1. Blood Press Monit 2005;10(6):325-31. https://doi.org/10.1097/00126097-200512000-00008

Malachias MVB, Gomes MM, Nobre F, Alessi A, Feitosa AD et al. 7th Brazilian Guideline of Arterial Hypertension: Chapter 2 - Diagnosis and Classification. Arq Bras Cardiol 2016;107(3):7-13. https://doi.org/10.5935/abc.20160152

Samura. Rules - IBJJF - International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation. IBJJF, 2015. http://ibjjf.com/rules/

Karvonen MJ, Kentala E, Mustala O. The effects of training on heart rate; a longitudinal study. Ann Med Exp Biol Fenn 1957;35(3):307-15. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13470504

MacDonald JR. Potential causes, mechanisms, and implications of post exercise hypotension. J Hum Hypertens 2002;16(4):225-36. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001377

Monteiro MF, Filho S, C D. Physical exercise and blood pressure control. Rev Bras Med Esporte 2004;10(6):513-6. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922004000600008

Polito MD, Farinatti PTV. Respostas de frequência cardíaca, pressão arterial e duplo-produto ao exercício contra-resistência: uma revisão da literatura. Rev Port Ciênc Desporto 2003;3(1):79-91. https://rpcd.fade.up.pt/_arquivo/artigos_soltos/vol.3_nr.1/2.1.revisao.pdf

Forjaz CL, Matsudaira Y, Rodrigues FB, Nunes N, Negrão CE. Post-exercise changes in blood pressure, heart rate and rate pressure product at different exercise intensities in normotensive humans. Braz J Med Biol Res Rev Bras Pesqui Medicas e Biol 1998;31(10):1247-55. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X1998001000003

Powers S, Howley E. Exercise physiology: theory and application to fitness and performance. New York: McGraw-Hill Education; 2014.

Cole CR, Blackstone EH, Pashkow FJ, Snader CE, Lauer MS. Heart-rate recovery immediately after exercise as a predictor of mortality. N Engl J Med 1999;341(18):1351-57. https://doi.org/ 10.1056/NEJM199910283411804




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33233/rbfe.v19i3.4014

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2020 Revista Brasileira de Fisiologia do Exercício