Analysis of glycemic safety of a moderate-intensity resistance exercise session in patients with diabetes type 1

Leandro Paim Da Cruz Carvalho, Samira Socorro Nunes de Souza, Djenane Cristovam Souza, Flávio De Souza Araujo, Ferdinando Oliveira Carvalho, José Fernando Vila Nova de Moraes, Jorge Luiz de Brito Gomes

Resumo


 

Introduction: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that results in the destruction of pancreatic beta cells, implying the use of insulin therapy to maintain adequate blood glucose levels. When stimulated by physical exercise, glycemic homeostasis becomes impaired, providing complications in the daily lives of this population, constituting a barrier to physical exercise practice. Objective: To evaluate the glycemic safety of a resistance exercise session of moderate intensity in people with type 1 diabetes. Methods: 12 people with type 1 diabetes (7 men), performed a resistance exercise session of moderate intensity at 60% of 1 RM consisting of 7 exercises. Capillary blood glucose was assessed at the pre-session (GP), immediately after (G IA) and 20 minutes after (G 20). ANOVA for repeated measures was performed (p <0.05). Results: In the absolute values of glycemia, no significant differences were found (P = 0.061). However, when checking the delta blood glucose variation, a difference was found between G IA and G20 vs GP (P <0.05). Clinically important reductions above 20mg / dl (PI: ~ 37mg / dl; 20P: ~ 45mg / dl) without providing hypoglycemia. Conclusion: A moderate-intensity resistance exercise session proved to be safe from a glycemic point of view in people with type 1 diabetes.

Keywords: diabetes mellitus type 1, resistance training, exercise.

 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33233/rbfe.v19i1.3905

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