Analysis of balance control in elderly practitioners of modalities of yoga, gymnastics and stretching of the Exercise Orientation Service in Vitória/ES

Jean Leite Cruz, Milena Razuk, Victor Anthony Mendes Ferreira, Leonardo Araujo Vieira, Natalia Madalena Rinaldi


Different motor interventions have been widely investigated in balance control in elderly. However, it is not yet clear which type of motor intervention promotes improvements in balance control systems in the elderly. The aim of this study was to compare different motor interventions of the balance control system in elderly. Fifty-six elderly people participated in the study, distributed in sedentary group (SED), gymnastic group (GG), yoga group (GI) and stretching group (GA). Participants were evaluated using the Balance Evaluation System Test (BESTest) tool, designed to evaluate six items of balance control systems. The variables analyzed in the study were the scores obtained in each of the BESTest items. The results showed that GG and GI presented higher values in BESTest compared to the SED group. Even more, for the item gait stability and stability limits presented higher values compared to the other BESTest items. The conclusion of the study is that elderly gymnastics and yoga practitioners, modalities offered by the Exercise Orientation Service (SOE) can promote benefits to the balance control system in elderly.

Keywords: BESTest, balance, elderly, motor intervention.

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