Effects of bodyweight and traditional resistance training on the functionality of elderly people: a randomized clinical trial

Gabriel Vinicius dos Santos, Antonio Gomes de Resende Neto, Leury Max da Silva Chaves, Leticia Correia de Jesus, Alan Bruno Silva Vasconcelos, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz, Marcos Raphael Pereira Monteiro, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Cauê V. La Scala Teixeira, Marzo Edir Da Silva-Grigoletto

Resumo


Introduction: Bodyweight training is a method that aims to improve physical fitness without the use of implements to generate overload, being an alternative to traditional resistance training. However, there are still few studies analyzing its effects on the functionality of active older women. Objective: To compare the effects of body weight training with traditional resistance training on functionality of active older women. Methods: Thirty-three older women (64.42 ± 4.22 years) completed twelve weeks of intervention and were randomized into three groups: Bodyweight Training (BWT: n = 13), Traditional Resistance Training (TT: n = 13) and Control (CG: n = 7). Functional responses were assessed using the Sit and Stand (SL), Gallon Jug Shelf Transfer (GJST), Stand Up (LPDV), Time Up and Go (TUG), Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), Isometric Dead Lift (IDL) and Hand Grip Test. Self-perception of quality of life was assessed using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Results: After 12 weeks of intervention, TT demonstrated significant improvements in SL (3.23%), TUG (-6.06%) and WHOQOL-BREF (7.62%) tests. The BWT provided significant improvement in the IDL test (10.32%) and both experimental groups showed significant improvements in GJST (TT = -7.59% and BWT = -7.62%) and LPDV (TT = -9.28% and BWT = -12.25%) in relation to the initial values. Conclusion: Both programs proved to be effective for improving the functionality of the older women. Considering the similarity in the magnitude of the effects, BWT may be a viable, practical and inexpensive alternative to TT for this population.

Keywords: aging, functional training, body weight training, daily activities, health, quality of life.


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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33233/rbfe.v19i3.3360

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